Although this type of vaginal surgery is often considered to be a strictly cosmetic operation, there are several medical conditions that it is used to treat. These include:
- Vaginal laxity and trauma from childbirth or aging;
- Congenital conditions such as vaginal atresia (absence of or abnormal closure of the vagina) and vaginal agenesis (undeveloped or partially developed vagina);
- Intersex conditions such as gonadal dysgenesis, androgen insensitivity syndrome, or congenital adrenal hyperplasia.